ISLAMIC/Spain; Al-Murabitun المرابطون‎, (al-Moravides); Ishaq ibn ‘Ali اسحاق ابن علي AH 540-541/CE 1145-1146

AR Qirat (11mm, 0.95gm, 3h), Qurtuba (Cordoba, Spain), undated.

Vives 1894;

Hazard 1052;

Album 475A (RR).

و ناصر الدين اسحاق
بن علي


   لا اله الا الله
محمد رسول الله

ex: David Tranbarger


IBERIA; Sekaisa c. BCE 100-50

AE Unit, 23 mm, 8.17 g, 9 h.

ACIP 1564 var.

O: bare male hd r, flanked by dolphins

R: warrior holding spear on horseback r, Iberian inscription in ex indicating Sekaisa (in Zaragossa region) as the mint.

Prototype for the obverse of this coin issued by the Franco dictatorship in 1940.


ISLAMIC/Umayyad Spain; al-Hakam II CE 961-976/AH 350-366

AR Dirham 22mm, 3.25g, Madinat az-Zahra (Cordoba) mint, AH 354/CE 965 (citing 'Abdar-Rahman on reverse) 
Album 352.2

O: (center)

لا اله الا
 الله وحده
لا شريك له

بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بمدينة الزهراء سنة اربع و خمسين و ثلثماءة

R: (center)
الامام الحكم
امير الممنين
المستنصر بالله


محمد رسول الله ارسله بالهدي ودين الحق ليظره على الدين كله


SPAIN; Felipe VI 2014-date

1 Euro, 2018 Madrid mint
Leuchtturm 2018 Catalogue Euro #LV-K7.4 (no mintage figures noted)

obtained in change during a trip to Barcelona and environs in August 2018.

While in Catalunya, we encountered Euro coins from nine different issuing countries; Belgium, Germany, Spain of course being the majority content usually, Ireland, France, Greece, Italy, Austria, and Portugal. France, Germany and Italy came in next in the quantity of types and denominations available.

The following list is an unscientific list of available values that we encountered in BCN:

Belgium: 50c and 2 euro
Germany: 5c to 2 euro
Spain: 1c to 2 euro
Ireland: 20c to 1 euro
France: 1c to 2 euro
Greece: 20c and 2 euro
Italy: 1c to 2 euro
Austria: 20 c and 2 euro
Portugal: 5c, 20c, and 1 euro

Spain was available 45-60% of the time, with the rest being French, German or Italian and a smattering of the other countries named. I would say the latter three were available in equal measure most of the time. We found it strange that when we traveled to Girona about 60km from France we noticed a greater availability of Spanish euro coins in our change than in other locations we had traveled to. One would think that there would be a greater availability of French euro coins that close to France but there wasn't in our unscientific observations.

We noted a number of 2 euro commemorative coins available in our change such as the proclamation of Felipe VI as king in 2014 which is a dual portrait coin with Juan Carlos (LV-G275). The other was an Italian 2 euro commemorating the 200th anniversary of the birth of Verdi in 2013 (LS-G112).

A favorite of ours by design was the Italian 2 euro depicting Dante. Of all the euro designs this coin in our opinion is a masterpiece and likely the stand alone stand out of the circulating euro coins. It is indeed a beautiful coin in our opinion.

SPAIN/Catalunya; Jaume I of Aragon CE 1213-1276

Billon Dinero (Diner) 0.68g. 18mm. Barcelona mint


O: Crowned bust, l., +BARQINO

R: Long cross quartered with pellets and annulets. IA/CO/BR/EX

Purchased at the regular Sunday Stamp and Coin Bourse at the Plaça Reial in Barcelona's Barri Gotic
on 26 August 2018. The bourse runs from around 9 am until 2 pm. There are maybe a dozen or more dealers and it appears to be an active well attended event. I found everything I was looking for and for very reasonable prices as well.
Every Sunday Stamp and Coin Bourse on 26 August 2018 at Plaça Reial  in the Barri Gotic off of La Rambla in Barcelona.


GREEK/Seleucid; Antiochos III BCE 223-187

AE 23 mm, ---g, Ecbatana mint, c. BCE 220-187
SC 1252

HSC 481 (R2)

ESM 600-601

O: diad. hd of Antiochus III r.
R: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ on r., ANTIOXOY on l., Tripod ornamented with horse foreparts, control to left.


Great Britain/Hanover; Victoria 1837-1901

AR Crown; 38 mm, 28.23g, Jubilee bust

SCBC 3921

O: Jubilee bust l.

R: Pistrucci St. George & Dragon with date in ex. 1889

a number of dings along the rim.


ANNAM/Vietnam; Rebel Coin; Cam Giang Vuong 1509

AE Cash 1.33 g, 20 mm

Toda 166
Schj. 89

O: Dai/Binh/Thanh/Bao

GREEK/Seleucid; Antiochos II Theos BCE 261-246

AE 15 mm, 3.17 g,  12h, Perhaps Tralles mint c. BCE 250-246 per Newell
SC 537
CSE 599
O: laureate head of Apollo r.
R: BAΣΙΛEΩΣ on r. ANTIOXOY on l., tripod stg on symbol (in this case an Anchor r.) primary control outer r. is the same as CSE 599, secondary controls outer l but not visible.
ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Seleucid; Seleucus II BCE 246-226

AE 16 mm, 4.81g, 12h, Sardes mint, before c. 242 BCE
SC 660 (no controls visible)
O:  hd of Athena r. in crested Attic helmet dotted border

R: BAΣIΛEΩΣ on r., ΣEΛEYKOY on l., Apollo stg l., testing arrow and resting l. hand on grounded bow.  no visible controls.
ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Seleucid; Seleucus I BCE 312-280

AE 18 x 19 mm, 6.82g,  12h Antioch mint

 SC 21.2 variety (poss. cmk on obs indeterminate, control in round punch on rev across hindquarters of bull)
 O: winged hd of Medusa r., dotted border.

 R: BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ above, ΣEΛEYKOY below, bull butting r., dotted border. no visible controls.
ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Selucid; Antiochos I Soter BCE 281-261

AE 15 mm, 3.81 g, 5h, Antioch mint

SC 351.1

WSM 961

O: diad hd of Antiochos r.

R: Apollo std l on omphalos testing arrow and resting l hand on grounded bow.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on the r, ANTIOXOY on l controls not fully visible but anchor countermark in round punch in left center field.
ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG


EUROS First Generation 2002


2002 Size 120 x 62 mm
Motif: Classical Architecture. The gate is a style element from Greco-Roman antiquity.
Signed by W. Duisenberg
Leuchtturm Catalogue Euro #LN-B1 Du
Printing Code=N (Oesterreichische Banknoten und Sicherheitsdruck GmbH, Vienna)


GREEK/Seleucid; Antiochos VI BCE 144-142

AE 18 mm, 7.94 g, 12h, possibly Apamea mint

SC 2015.2d (S)

O: rad hd of Antiochos VI r.

R: kantharus, BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ANTIOXOY on right EΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ/ΔIONYΣOY on left, control below Kantharus and palm branch to right of Kantharus

Ding likely from the tongs used at the mint?

ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Seleucid; Alexander I Balas BCE 152-145

AE 13mm, 2.02 g, 12h, Tyre mint BCE 147-146

SC 1838.1  R1

O: diad hd of Alexander I r.

R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ curving on r  AΛΕΞANΔPOY curving on the left,  in the field CΞ—P (SE 166)

No controls.

ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Seleucid; Antiochos IV BCE 175-164

AE 14 mm, 2.67g, 12h, Ptolemaïs Ake mint c. BCE 175-172

SC 1478.1j   R2

O: laur hd of Apollo dotted border control behind hd A/B

R: Apollo std l. on omphalos, testing arrow and resting hand on grounded bow, often compound.

Aphlaston on far left nearly off field, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on r and ANTIOXOY on l. with Λ control in ex.

ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

GREEK/Seleucid; Alexander I Balas BCE 152-145

AE 15mm, 2.71 g, 12h, Marisa mint

SC 1850.4 (R2)

O: Hd of Alexander r

R: semi draped bearded male deity stg facing hd l extending r hand above royal name

ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ on r AΛΕΞANΔPOY on l. name is often abbreviated, control or mintmark inner left


ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG



GREEK/Seleucid; Antiochos V Eupator BCE 164-162

AE 15 mm, 2.27 g, 12h, Tyre mint  SE "NP" =BCE 163/2

SC 1580 (R2)

O: diad hd right with ends of diad curling on neck and up towards back of the hd (not straight as assumed in SC). beveled edge and dotted border.

R: limited inscription visible but should read on left ANTIOXOY curving to right and on the right
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ curving to the left. In the field on either side of the palm trunk is a partial N/P for the SE year.

This piece had been identified by the previous owner as Antiochos III SC 1081 and not questioned or identified further by CNG, but the lettering in the field and beveled edge indicated otherwise. It appears to be one of the nicer examples known of this type.

ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

According to CNG "… the MNL Collection, (is) perhaps the finest collection of coins of the Seleukid kings to be offered since the dispersal of the Arthur Houghton Collection in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This offering includes coins from many important collections, most notably Houghton, but also Abramowitz, Bement, Charrin, Niggeler, Petrowicz, Pozzi, Seyrig, and Weber, among others. In addition to containing many pedigreed examples, this collection is also notable for the quantity of published examples it contains, as well as the many rarities and unpublished varieties that will inevitably be included in future additions to the Seleucid Coins catalog.” (CNG 109 Catalog Sept. 2018).

GREEK/Seleucid; Achaios BCE 220-214

AE 15 mm, 4.44 g, 12h  Sardes mint 

SC 956a  (S-R1)

O: laureate hd of Apollo r, with corkscrew curls

R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕ[ΩΣ] on r., AXAIO[Y] on l., eagle standing r., on wreath, Horse's head countermark in  round punch, no controls visible on outer right.

ex: MNL Coll
ex: CNG

EUROS Second Generation 2013-2017

2013  Size 120 x 62 mm
Motif: Classical Architecture. The gate is a style element from Greco-Roman antiquity.
Signed by M. Draghi
Leuchtturm Catalogue Euro #LY-B8 Dr
Printing Code=Y (Central Bank of Greece, Athens)


2014  Size 127 x 67 mm
Motif: Romanesque Architecture. The Romanesque archway is a stylistic element from the Early Middle Ages.
Signed by M. Draghi
Leuchtturm Catalogue Euro #LV-B9 Dr
Printing Code=V (Royal Mint of Spain, Madrid)

2015  Size 133 x 72mm
Motif: Gothic Architecture.
Signed by M. Draghi
Leuchtturm Catalogue Euro #LM-B10Dr
Printing Code=M (Valora S.A., Carregado,Portugal)

2017  Size 140 x 77mm
Motif: Renaissance Architecture.
Signed by M. Draghi
Leuchtturm Catalogue Euro #LV-B14Dr
Printing Code=V (Royal Mint of Spain, Madrid)

GREEK/Seleucid; Seleucus I BCE 312-281

AE 12mm, 1.58 g, 7 h, Antioch mint, c. late 280’s BCE

SC 23

WSM 928

O: winged hd of Medusa r, dotted border

R: BA above ΣE below, bull butting r on ex line dotted border


Ex: MNL Collection


ROMAN/Macrianus CE 260-261

Bi Antoninianus 21 mm, 3.54 g, 12h, Uncertain Syrian Mint,  Summer CE 260 to early Summer 261

RCV 10803

O: rad cuir bust of Macrianus r, IMPCFVLMACRIANVSPFAVG

R: Jupiter std l with eagle at his feet and star in left field, IOVICONSERVATORI

ex: W. Esty


ROMAN/Hadrian CE 117-138, Ex: Mehl

AR Denarius, 3.36 g, 17 mm, 6h, Rome mint, c. CE 134-138 (Sear says CE 135)

RIC 282
RSC 1455

R: Victory/Nemesis adv r drawing out fold of drapery from her neck with her right hand and pointing downwards with olive branch held in left hand, VICTO—RIAA—VG


Ex: B. Max Mehl 1884-1957 with his envelope as depicted. The typed description just says
                                                                 B. Max Mehl

It is thought that this depiction of Victory/Nemesis commemorates the conclusion of the Bar Kokhba rebellion in Judea. It appears to recognize that this victory was a hard fought one as the olive branch is not being held aloft but downwards towards the ground.


BYZANTINE/Heraclius CE 610-641 & Heraclius Constantine CE 613-641

AE Follis 28 mm, 8h, 10.49 g, Nicomedia mint Regnal year IIII=CE 613-614
Sear 834 (undertype Sear 533)
O:  fragmentary legend, though legend of the undertype is easily discernable and mostly clear as δN MAЧГI CN P AЧT from 12 o’clock down to nearly 6 o’clock.  Portrait of host coin is mostly obscured, but is clearly Maurice Tiberius CE 582-602. The host coin was minted approximately 1,000 km from Nicomedia in Theopolis formerly known as Antioch and a portion of the host mint name is visible on the reverse at approximately 11-12 o’clock upside down.
R: Large M between A/N/N/O on the left and II/II on the right with B for the officina beneath the M and in the ex NIK for the mint.
It is interesting that a coin that was minted in Antioch between CE 590-602 circulated for perhaps 10-20 years as a coin of Maurice before being restruck to continue service as a coin of Heraclius and his son and that is how it has come down to us.
ex: W. Esty



ROMAN/Gallic Empire CE 259-274; Tetricus c. CE 271-274

AE Antoninianus, 16 mm, 11h, 2.62 g, Cologne mint c. CE 272-273

RCV 11255

O: [IMP C TETRI]CVS P [F A] VG, radiate cuir bust right.

R: [VICT]O[RI]AA[VG] Victory adv l. holding wreath and palm.

ROMAN/Divus Constantine CE 342-348

AE 16mm, 11h, 1.87 g, Alexandria mint c. CE 342-348

RCV 17473 or 17475

O: veiled bust of "deified" Constantine right [DV CONST]ANTINVS PT AVG

R: Constantine stg rt. VN--MR on either side of standing figure and SMAL[--]


SPAIN/Catalunya; Jaume II of Aragon CE 1291-1327

Billon Dinero (Diner) 0.7g. 16mm. Barcelona mint

Adolfo & Cayon 1723

O: Crowned bust, l., +IACOBVS REX

R: Long cross quartered with pellets and annulets. B'A/QI/NO/NA


BYZANTINE/Constantine V Copronymus CE 741-775 & Leo IV, the Khazar from CE 751

AE Follis 1.96g, 18mm, 6h, Mint of Syracuse CE 751-775

SB 1569

O: Constantine V facing bearded on l and Leo IV beardless on r each wearing a crown and chlamys nad holding akakia, bet their hds a cross. No inscription visible on this example.

R:  Leo III stg bearded facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding a cross potent, only visible inscription is Δ/ϵ on right.

Ex: Massachusetts Historical Society Collection/John Quincy Adams & Descendants Collection sold by Stacks March 5 & 6, 1971, portion of lot 971.


ROMAN/ Hadrian CE 117-138 from the Travel Series

AR Denarius,  3.27 g, 18 mm, 6h, Roma mint, c. CE 136

RSC 842a

O: Hadrian bareheaded r. HADRIANVS/AVGCOSIIIPP

R: personification of Hispania reclining to the left holding olive branches in her right hand,

ROMAN/Vabalathus & Aurelian CE 270-272

AE Antoninianus, 20 mm, 2.51g, 12h, Antioch mint

RCV 11718
RIC 381

O: Laur, dr bust of Vabalathus right, VABALATHVS VCRIMDR
R: Rad cuir bust r of Aurelian, IMPCAVRELIANVSAVG, in ex. officina indicated by S

Ex: Schulman Auction (12/2-4/1974) lot 1696 (see below)

Ex. W. Esty Collection


ROMAN/Gratian CE 367-383

AE 2  5.66g, 22 mm, 12h, Cyzicus mint CE 383

RIC Cyzicus 14a
RCV 19999

O: helmeted dr, cuir bust r holding spear and shield, DNGRATIA--NVSPFAVG
R: Gratian helmeted and in military attire stg l on galley hd r his r hand raised, Victory seated at helm, mint mark SMKA in ex, with wreath in field to left of Gratian. GLORIARO--MANORVM

Ex: W. Esty
Ex: Berk



ROMAN EGYPT/Antoninus Pius CE 138-161

AE Drachm, 33 mm, 25.68 g, 12h, Alexandria mint, Regnal Year 8/CE 144-145

Emmett 1668 var.
Köln 1468 var.

O: laur draped bust right, AVTKTAIΛAΔP/ANTωNINOC
R: Serapis std l inside a temple, L H

Ex: CNG 418 (11 April 2018) portion of lot 662

ROMAN EGYPT/Antoninus Pius CE 138-161

AE Drachm, 34 mm, 20.64 g, 11h, Alexandria mint, Regnal Year 13/CE 149-150

Milne 2054 var.
Emmett 1621 var.

O: laur draped bust right, AVTKTAIΛAΔP/ANTωNINOCCEBE/VC
R: Serapis std l inside a temple, TPICKAIIς

The Greek "16" after the date is supposed to have recorded the number of Cubits the Nile rose that year, 16 cubits being 7.315 meters or 24 feet which appears to be about average for lower Egypt.  

Ex: CNG 418 (11 April 2018) portion of lot 662