Greece/Seleucid; Demetrius I Soter BCE 162-150

AE 15 mm, 2.14 g, 12h,  Tyre mint  
SC 1676, SNG Spaer 1337-1342v
O : diad hd of Demetrius r., one diadem end flying up behind, the other falling straight behind, dotted border.

R: ΒΑΣΙΛ[ΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY] around, palm tree, off center
Date on either side of palm: 
only portion of Ρ is visible

Controls: none


IRAN/Tabaristan; Dabuyid Ispahbads; Khorshid CE 740-761 اسپهبد خورشید‎‎

AR Hemidrachm, 24 mm, 2.10 g, 3h, PYE 94=c. CE 745-746 (AH 128) Tabaristan mint

Album 52
Malek 31 variety (this particular obs die is not illustrated)

O: Crowned bust right in Sasanian style similar to Kurush Parviz though with differences in the crown. "May xvarrah increase" in Pahlavi behind bust and "Khorshid" in Pahlavi before. APD or "excellent" in second quarter of margin.
R: fire altar with attendants, Tabaristan on r and "post Yazdigerd era" year 94 on left. 

please cf. H.M. Malek "The Dabuyid Ispahbads of Tabaristan" in AJN 5-6 (1993-1994), pp. 105-160, which includes seven pp of plates illustrating many examples and varieties from these rulers. 

General location of ancient Tabaristan or as it is now called Mazandaran on a current map of Iran


IRAN ایران /Sasanian شاهنشاهی ساسانی /Kurush II Parviz CE 590/1-628

AR Drachm 31mm, 4.1 g, 9h, YZ (Yazd) mint. Regnal year 28/CE 617-618

Göbl 212 

O: XUSRUI AFZUT  “Khusro, may he increase”

R: on right YZ on left regnal date "Hashtvist"/


the Pahlavi text can be found at the following URL: http://www.beastcoins.com/Sasanian/Sasanian.htm along with additional helpful info for the beginner regarding Sasanian coins 

The above example is as struck by the Sasanian mint authorities, the example below has seen greater circulation and has evidence of having been clipped down to a later standard that appears to be an Islamic Dirham standard. It is also a Drachm of Kurush II Parviz, but is 27 mm in diameter and weighs 2.68 g. The coin appears to date from late in Kurush's reign, perhaps year 37 (?) and possibly the Nihavand mint.


INDIA/Indo-Sasanian/Chalukyas of Gujarat or Paramaras of Malwa; c. CE 950-1050?

AR anonymous drachm (gadhaiya paisa), 16mm, 4.11 g, 11h.

Deyell 158
Mitchner Non-Islamic 427

O: stylized Sasanian style bust r
R: stylized fire altar, crescent to upper right


IRAN/Sasanid; Yazdigerd I (یزدگرد) CE 399-420

AR Drachm; 25 mm, 4.02 g, 3h,  AS mint to right of altar flames (Asoristan per Album, but abbreviation AS had also been utilized for Isfahan by the previous ruler).

Göbl 147

Inscription refers to Yazdigerd as “Ramshahr” or “giver of peace” 
cf. a very interesting discussion by Touraj Daryaee in AJN 14 (2002) pp. 89-95 regarding this, entitled “History, Epic and Numismatics: on the title of Yazdgerd I (Ramshahr)”

IRAN/Parthia (Arsakid); Phraates II (فرهاد دوم‎) c. BCE 138-127

AE Chalkous; 15mm, 2.36g, 11h, Ekbatana mint

Sellwood 16.29
Shore 56

O: diad bust left
R: inscription beginning on right vertically BAΣΙΛΕΩΣ/MEΓAΛOY
APΣAKOY/ΘEOΠATOPOΣ on left. Elephant standing right.

Besides being contemporaries, Phraates II and Antiochus VII were combatants, and Phraates II though losing the initial rounds eventually gained the upperhand and Antiochus VII was defeated and killed. He also had a trump card with the captivity of Demetrius II who was released around this time. The defeat of Antiochus VII heralded the death knell for the Seleucid state, which had been in decline for sometime. Less than 70 years later, the Seleucid state was reduced to just another Roman province leaving only Egypt for a short time afterwards as the sole survivor from the successor states of Alexander. Unfortunately for the victor, Phraates II did not survive much longer after his victory succumbing to a battle in the Parthian east versus the Sakas where the Greeks whom he captured in his defeat of Antiochus turned the tables on him. 
Antiochus VII & Phraates II