Greece/Macedon; Tragilos c. BCE 450-400

AE 10 mm, 0.94 g, 2h.
AMNG 4, SNG ANS 905, BMC 9, Weber 1984 (this coin), Moushmov 6897

O: hd of Hermes r, wearing petasos.
R: T-P/I-A within four part incuse square.

Dealer’s note: “VF, dark green patina”.

Regarding Tragilos, Benjamin H. Isaac wrote in his The Greek Settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian Conquest (Leiden; Brill, 1986, p. 54) “Tragilos is mentioned by Stephanos and twice in the tribute lists. It appears twice on inscriptions of the fourth century. On an inscription of 363 BC occurs Lygdamis Tragilios and the list of Epidaurian theorodokoi from 360 BC contains and entry ‘Tragila: Peisies’. The sequence of cities in this section is the following: Olynth, Apollonia, Arethousa, Arkilos, Amphipolis, Berge, Tragila….Tragilos is, finally, known by the coins it issued between c. 450 and c. 400 BC. It is suggested that Tragilos should be identified with Aidonochorion.”

Another source wrote “Tragilos: City in ancient Bisaltia, perhaps founded by Ionians from nearby Argilus. According to the excavation evidence, the settlement was destroyed by Thracian and Galatian invaders in Hellenistic times (3rd century BC) and abandoned.”

According to Peter Green's chronology in Alexander to Actium the invasion mentioned above occurred in BCE 279 when the "Gauls" invaded Macedonia and desecrated the royal Macedonian tombs. As they invaded Greece they were routed by the Aetolians and in turn crossed to Asia Minor where they eventually settled in Galatia in Phrygia. (p. 693)

This particular coin has a very nice provenance beginning in the 19th century:

Ex: General Wm. Yorke Moore (1806-1890) Collection
, sold by Sotheby Wilkinson & Hodge on 1 March 1889, portion of lot 223. cf. Catalogue of the Collection of Greek, Roman and Byzantine Coins of Major-Gen. W. Yorke Moore (London, Sotheby’s. March 1-March 9, 1889). According to D. Moerschell of Sotheby’s lot 223 was a lot of 18 coins and this coin was one “of a group of three coins simply described as ‘Traelium, bronze coins (3)’….Traelium was the Latin name for Tragilos.”
Photo of Yorke Moore accessed 10-09-2015 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/major-general-william-yorke-moore-18061890-59797

Ex: Sir Hermann Weber (1823-1918) Collection, # 1984 (cf. plate photo below)

Sir Hermann D. Weber

Ex: Roberto Allatini (ca. 1856-1927) Collection, not part of the Ars Classica XIII Sale of June 1928. Allatini was a member of a prominent Jewish family from Salonika [son of Dr. Moshe Allatini (d. 1882)] and was made a Fellow of the RNS in 1907.

Ex: Col. R. K. Morcom (1877-1961) Collection

Ex: Christopher Morcom Collection, CNG 76:272 (12 September 2007) “Christopher Morcom Collection of pedigreed Coins of Greece and the Aegaean Islands.” (with Morcom’s tag denoting the coin’s Weber pedigree). As an aside, this Christopher Morcom is the nephew of the Christopher Morcom who was Alan Turing's friend in school until Morcom's death in 1930.

Christopher Morcom, QC 

Acquisition: 2008
Tantalus ID#35539
plate photo from the Weber Collection Catalogue Vol. II, #1984


Greece/Aeolis; Kyme BCE 350-250

AE 10 (10 mm, 0.9 g)

O: Eagle standing r.
R: K - Y Vase.

cf. Aulock 1625 and 7693; SNG Cop. 41ff; BMC 106, 16ff; SNG Tübingen 2690ff; GCV 4186.

Ex : Gerhard Rohde ; Köln, Germany

Acquisition: 2008

Greece/Aeolis; Kyme BCE 480-450

AR Hemiobol (8.6 mm, 0.38 g).

O: eagles hd r KY (to left)
R: mill sail incuse

BMC 105, 10; GCV 4174 v.
Ex: Gerhard Rohde ; Köln, Germany
Acquisition: 2008


Iran/Sassanian Two Examples

Khushro Anurshivan CE 531-579

AR Drachm, 31 mm, 3.71 g, mint MY=Meshan in S. Iraq
Year 45 =c. CE 575
O: hd of Shah r.
R: Fire altars and attendants

Ex: Windsor Antiquities NY
Acquisition: 2005

Iran/Sassanian; Yazdgard III  CE 632-651

AR Drachm 3.45 g., 23 x 33 mm, Sakastan mint Yr. 3, CE 634-635 

O : corrupted legend that reads « Long Live Yazdgard »
R:fire altar with two attendants,  SK , see Pahlavi example  above right. (on right on coin). Dated Yr. 3 on left in Pahlavi that reads as noted above on the left.   

Large chip from 3-5 o’clock and a large flan crack of about 10 mm in length from 4 o’clock pointing towards but never reaching 11 o’clock.

Acquisition: 2010


Kavad, 2nd reign CE 499-531

AR Drachm, 27.5 mm, 3.76 g, mint AS in Khuzistan(?)
Year 27 or 37(?) =c. CE 507-519
Göbl 187
O: hd of Shah r.
R: Fire altars and attendants

Ex: Amphora/D. Hendin
Acquisition: 2005

Greece/Thessalian League BCE 196-146

AE 17 mm, 3.05 g
GCV 2237 v

O: Hd of Athena r in crested Corinthian helmet, IΠΠAI/[TAΣ] above and beneath.
R: ΘΕΣ/Σ/[ΑΛΩΝ] above and below horse trotting r

Ex: J. Jencek
Acquisition: 2006

Gordian III CE 238-244

AE Sestertius, 33 mm, 22.68 g, Rome mint, CE 243-244

R: Gordian stg r, PM TRP VI COS II PP SC

Ex: Amphora/D. Hendin

Acquisition: 2004

Philip I CE 244-249

AR Antoninianus, 4.8 g, Rome mint, CE 244-245

RSC 103, RIC 40(b)

O: rad cuir bust r. IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG
R: Pax adv l, PAX AETERN

Ex: Copper Penny

Acquisition: 2005

Marcus Aurelius CE 161-180

AE Dupondius, 25 mm, 12 g, Rome mint, CE 175

C. 922, RCV 5046

R: Annona with usual accoutrements stg l, TRP XXIX IMP VIII COS III SC

Ex: Amphora/D. Hendin

Acquisition: 2004

Gratian CE 367-383

AE 3, 18 mm, 2.42 g , Antioch mint, c. CE 378-383

CHK 2695v, RIC IX Antioch 45a (S)

O: DN GRATIA-NVS PF AVG, diad draped bust r.
R: CONCOR-DIAAVGGG/ANTє, Roma std hd facing left. In left field Θ in right field, Φ over K.

Ex: Norman Munoz (TX) “rockman101” via eBay

Acquisition: 2008

Greece/Illyria; Dyrrachium after BCE 229

AR Drachm, 17 mm, 3 g

GCV 1899 v, SNG Cop 459

O: cow stg r suckling calf, above magistrates name in nominative case, around circle of dots, in ex. Rudder (o/c). MENIΣΚΟΣ

R: double stellate or floral pattern within double linear square, above ΔΥΡ(o/c); around name of the Eponymos(?) in the genitive case,[ AP ]/ XIΠ / ΠOY, cf. Maier, 144*

*Maier, Alfred; Die Silberprägung von Apollonia und Dyrrhachion, NZ XLI (1908), p. 1ff.

Ex: Frank S. Robinson
Acquisition: 2005


Diocletian CE 284-305 Provincial Egypt CE 284-296

Bi. Tetradrachm, 19 mm, 7.5 g, Year 2=CE 285-286
Emmett 4045(1), Köln 3217, Dattari 5654, Milne 4774
O: Α Κ Γ ΟVAΛ ΔΙΟΚΛΗΤΙΑNOC CEB, laur dr cuir bust r.
R: L B, Eirene stg l. holds olive branch and sceptre.
Ex: Tom Mann/Frascatius (eBay)
Acquisition: 2008


Julian II CE 360-363

AE 1; 26 mm, 6.77 g, CE 362-363 Antioch mint
CHK 2641, RIC VIII Antioch 216

O: DN FL CL IVLI-ANVS PF AVG, diad, draped cuir. bust r.
R: Bull r, SECVRITAS REIPVB/palm ANTΓ palm
pitted reverse.

Ex: Amphora/David Hendin

Acquisition: 2003

Islamic/Ayyubid Syria; Halab CE 1237-1260

An-Nasir Salah ad-Din II CE 1237-1260 with Caliph al-Muta'sim CE 1242-1258
AR Dirham, 21 mm, 2.63 g, Halab/Aleppo mint, c. CE 1245-1258
O: al-Malik an-Nasir/bin al-Malik al-'Aziz on outside can be read the word "sana" for year but not much else.
R: al-Imam al-Muta'sim/Amir al-Mu'minin shahada around central design.
Ex: shop in the Suq of Jerusalem's Old City, on Bab as-Silsileh St.
Acquisition: 1987, paid 10 ₪.
In the seven centuries since this coin was minted it possibly moved a mere 521 km +/- (324 mi.+/-) between Halab and Jerusalem, but from the day I purchased it, it moved from Jerusalem to Herzlia and then to the USA (9,000 km or 5,700 mi) where it has remained.

Greece; Seleucid Dynasty; Antiochus IV BCE 175-164

AE 21 mm, 8.6 g, Antioch mint.

BMC 48, CSE 123

O: radiate hd of king r.

cf. I Maccabbees 1:16-19

16 When Antiochus saw that his kingdom was established, he determined to become king of the land of Egypt, in order that he might reign over both kingdoms. 17So he invaded Egypt with a strong force, with chariots and elephants and cavalry and with a large fleet. 18He engaged King Ptolemy of Egypt in battle, and Ptolemy turned and fled before him, and many were wounded and fell. 19They captured the fortified cities in the land of Egypt, and he plundered the land of Egypt.

China; Ming Dynasty CE 1368-1644

Hongwu Emperor, CE 1368-1398, AE Cash, 23 mm, 2.9 g

Schjöth 1137 v

O: Hong Wu Tong Bao

Ex: gift from visiting Chinese Delegation from Shandong Province, portion of a collection of more than 60 examples of Chinese coins from the Cowrie shell to the Min Guo.

Acquisition: 2007

Zhu Yuanzhang, the Hongwu Emperor b. 1328 d. 1398


Greece/Thrace; Byzantion c. 340-320 BCE

AR Siglos (16.5 mm, 5.29 gm)

SNG BM Black Sea 21; SNG Copenhagen 476

O:Heifer standing left on dolphin B[Y] above.
R:Quadripartite granulated mill-sail incuse punch

Ex: CNG Triton VIII, portion of lot 1929 (10 January 2005)

Acquisition: 2008