Three Examples from the Mildenhall Hoard (Suffolk, UK) c. 1833; Robertson 726

 Postumus CE 259-268 

Bi. Antoninianus, 3.19 g, 19 x 20 mm, 12h, Cologne mint, c. CE 260-265.

RSC 215b

RCV 10966

O: rad., cuirassed bust r, IMP C POSTVMVS PF AVG

R: Pax stg. l holding scepter with r. arm outstretched PAX AVG

as with all these examples the reverse die appears to exhibit more wear than the obs. die. 

Gallienus CE 253-268 (sole reign CE 260-268)

AE Antoninianus, 2.48 g, 18 x 20 mm, 12h, Roma mint, CE 262-263

RSC 265

O: rad bust r, GALLIENVS AVG

R: Fortuna stg l, holding rudder and cornucopia, FORTVNA REDVX with S in lower right field. 

Victorinus CE 269-271

AE Antoninianus, 2.44 g, 19 mm, 6h, Mainz or Trier mint, CE 270-271.

RCV 11176

O: rad cuir. bust r. IMP C VICTORINVS PF AVG

R: Pietas stg l sacrificing over altar and holding box of incense, PIETAS AVG. 

a very nice portrait of Victorinus even with the adhesion from the hoard. 

Anne S. Robertson records this hoard in her "An Inventory of Romano-British Coin Hoards" as #726 (p. 168). 

The hoard was found c. 1832 and reported by Sir Henry Bunbury in 1833. Robertson further notes that in 1953, "the coins...were cleaned, and found to comprise 1 den, and 1285 ant". 

The earliest coin in the find was a denarius of Caracalla the latest was a radiate of Aurelian, with the overwhelming majority coming from the reigns of Tetricus I & II (approximately half the remaining hoard) and then Victorinus and Claudius II (about a quarter of the hoard), with Gallienus rounding out the hoard with 182 examples as well as small numbers of rarer examples such as Marius and the like. There were a number of barbarous radiates also noted from the hoard. 

Robertson recorded the hoard in detail in the Numismatic Chronicle 1954, pp. 40-52, with a plate recording the barbarous examples. 


GREEK/Seleukid; Antiochos VIII BCE 121-96

AR Drachm; 17.5 mm, 3.77 g, 11h, Antioch mint, BCE 109-96

SC 2310b

O: diad hd of Antiochos VIII right with dotted border slightly offset.

R: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY on right of tripod EΠΙΦΑNOYΣ on left. Two control marks on left outer field, PE monogram above Γ.


reportedly Ex: David Sellwood Collection

If from Sellwood Collection it is possible that it was sold by:

Baldwins Argentum Sale, 4 June 2016, portion of lot 30??

Though documented as reportedly Sellwood by:

Ex: CNG 498 lot 184 (18 August 2021)

Ex: Musa Numismatic Art (CA) sku #14231



USA 1922-D Peace Dollar

AR Dollar; 37mm, 26.62 g, Denver mint, 1922 mintage 15m; 

Peace Dollar Series 1921-1935.

Most common example of the series, and a fine circulated example that depicts a typical circulating coin from the USA of a century ago. 

It's appeal I think, is in the bust that clearly has classical inspiration.





ITALY; Naples; Robert D’Anjou CE 1309-1343

AR Gigliato; 27 mm, 3.89 g.

MIR 28


O: Robert enthroned on a lion throne holding a fleur de lis tipped sceptre and globus cruciger,


R: compound cross fleuron



Ex: Ken Dorney


ROMAN; Maximianus; first reign CE 285-305

 AR Antoninianus (higher than normal silver content apparent) 

4.73 g., 1h, 22 x 25 mm. Lugdunum mint, c. 290-292 CE.

RIC 399

RCV 13155 var. 

O: radiate cuir., bust r, IMP MAXIMIANVS AVG

R: Pax stg l holding scepter and Nike, PAX AVGG/S

Ex: Warren Esty

ISLAMIC/ Mamluk; Bahri; Baybars CE 1260-1277

AR Dirham, 2.94 g, 5h, 22mm, Damascus mint, c. 13 June -28 November CE 1261

Album 883 var.

Balog Mamluk 44 type



السلطان الملك

الظاهر ركن الدنيا و الدين

بيبرس قسيم اميرالمومنين

 Lion or panther in lower portion of obs as symbol of Baybars


امير( المومنين

الامام المستنصربالله

ابوالقاسم احمد بن

الامام الظاهر


On the lower left outside بدمشق

CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=964084

Lion's Gate, Jerusalem. Thought to have been constructed under the Ottomans but due to the similarity in the designs to other locales, it is thought that they likely date to CE 1273 and represent Baybars, cf the Jisr Jindas which was constructed in CE 1273 by Baybars in Lod, Israel:

By Eman - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2719217


ISLAMIC/Anatolia & al-Jazira (Post-Seljuk) Artuqids of Mardin, Nasir ad-Din Artuq Arslan CE 1201-1239/AH 597-637


Æ Dirham, 10.87 g, 29 mm, 9h. AH 606 = CE 1209-1210 mint of Mardin

Album, Checklist 1830.3

S&S Type 39


O: male figure riding leopard side saddle to left.  With Arabic inscription around:

الملك العالم العادل ناصرالدين ارتق ارسلان ملك دياربكر


R:  Marginal legend around outside:

الملك العادل سيف الدين ابوبكرابن ايوب ضرب بماردين سنة 

Inner legend:

الامام الناصر

لدين الله امير


Outside of inner legend:

Right: ستة

Top: وستة

Left: ماءة


Please see Spengler/Sayles Vol. 1 pp. 127-130 for an interesting discussion of this type.


Ex: W. Esty


ROMAN; Marcus Aurelius CE 161-180


AE Sestertius; 31 mm, 22.55 g, 5h, Roma mint CE 170-171


BMCRE 1387

RCV 4967

O: laureate bust r. M ANTONINVS---AVG TRP XXV

R: Roma std l on a cuirass holding victory and spear, COS---III SC

Ex: Ken Dorney (CA)

Ex: Roma Numismatics E-Sale 86, lot 1103 (8 July 2021) (UK)

Ex: Antonio Carmona Collection (ES)

According to the write up about the collection appearing in an issue of Coins Weekly, it was written that “Carmona is an active member of the Asociación Numismática Española since 1970, and a vocal advocate in the defense of legal and educational coin collecting. His collection, consisting of primarily bronze pieces from across the empire, includes many rarities and pieces of historical significance.

While unfortunately not having recorded individual provenances, it is known that 450 coins were bought from the collection of Ana Espuny in 2006, and a further 953 were acquired from Almoneda Los Remedios in Malaga, with the remainder being mostly purchased from auction houses such as Áureo & Calicó, Jesus Vico SA, José Herrero SA and others.”


ISLAMIC/Artuqids of Mardin; Husam ad-din Yuluq Arslan CE 1184-1201/AH 580-597

AE Dirham, 13.27 g, 32mm, 6h, Mardin mint AH 589/CE 1193

SS 35.2

Album 1829.3

O: lamentation scene, in some schools of thought it is believed that this depicts the reaction to the “death of Saladin” who died in AH 589.

R:  Marginal Inscription:

حسام الدين ملك دياربكر يولق ارسلان بن ايل غازي بن ارتق سنة تسع و ثمنين و خمسماءة

Inner inscription:

Top: الملك العادل

Bottom: سيف الدين

Right: ابو بكر

Left:  بن ايوب


الامام النا


امير المومنين


Greece/Seleucid; Antiochos I BCE 281-261

AE 12 mm, 2.42 g, 3h,  Uncertain Mint 23, in Eastern Syria or Mesopotamia (c. BCE 280 per Newell)

SC 373

WSM 1133 (this example is better than those depicted by Newell)

O: tripod altar on a shield dotted border around

R: bow case with BAΣI on the right going down and ANTI on the left going down as well.  No control marks. 


Hoover rates this item as R3 (#201) but one can locate several examples on acsearch.info or on CNG’s site, which lowers the rarity to perhaps R2 if not R1 for this piece. In WSM alone, Newell lists five examples.



ITALY; Milan; Gian Galeazzo Visconti CE 1395-1402

AR Grosso (Pegione) 24mm, 2.14 g, 11h,  Milano

Biaggi 1475

O: St Ambrose std facing holding crozier and whip;  S ABROSIV MEDIOLAN

R: coiled serpent flanked by G-Z all within a quadrilobed; GALEAZ VICECOES D MEDIOLANI 3G

              Gian Galeazzo Visconti (1351-1402) 

                              painting attributed to Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis (c1455-after1508)



CRUSADER STATES; Antioch; Bohemund III CE 1163-1201

 AR Denier, 17 mm, 1.00 g, 6h, Antioch mint. 

CCS 65

cf. D. Metcalf "THE MAĞARACIK HOARD OF "HELMET" COINS OF BOHEMUND III OF ANTIOCH" Museum Notes (American Numismatic Society), Vol. 16 (1970), pp. 95-109, cf. plate 24 #10 (reverse inscription).

O: helmeted hd l in chain mail, crescent to left, start to right. +BOAMVNDVS

R: cross, crescent in second quarter +AMTIOCHIA

ROMAN ARABIA; Bostra; Trajan CE 98-117


AR Drachm, 19-17 mm, 3.61 g, 6h, minted c. CE 112-117

SNG ANS 1153-5

O: laur, draped bust r., AYTOKPKAICNEPTPA[------]

R: Arabia standing left with camel adjacent to her right leg, ΔHMAPX [----------]


Ex: W. Esty


ROMAN EGYPT; Hadrian CE 117-138

AE Drachm; 34 mm, 11h, 27.04 g, Alexandria mint RY 18=CE 133/4

Dattari 1662


Milne 1419

RPC 5881 (41 specimens)

Cologne 1108

Obv: AVT KAIC T[P]AIAN - AΔ[PIANO]C CEB Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust r.

 Rx: L IH, Two Canopi of Osiris, one facing r. wearing Atef crown, one facing l. wearing crown of horns, uraei, disk and plumes.

EX: CNG XXXIII, lot 1359 (15 March 1995)

EX:  HJB BBS 216, lot 578 (28 May 2021) Inv#: cc97177

1995 CNG photo and lot description from XXXIII

Caesarea, Israel photo of a seated headless porphyry statue said to be of Hadrian.  porphyry having been imported from Egypt.

Inscription stone found in the aqueduct at Caesarea, Israel with an inscription dedicated to Hadrian and a detachment from Legion X Fretensis who executed repairs to the earlier Herodian period aqueduct at around the time of the Bar Kokhba Revolt, during which the above coin was minted.  This aqueduct carried water to Caesarea from the springs of the lower Carmel some 16 km away from Caesarea. 


ROMAN; Severus Alexander CE 222-235

AE Sestertius, 29-30 mm, 21.44 g, 12h, Rome mint, CE 231

RCV 7999

RIC 513

O: laur. draped bust r, IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG

R: Sol stg left  right hand raised whip in left, PM TRP X COS III PP/SC

EX: W. Esty


ROMAN; Gratian CE 367-383

AE half centenionalis; 14 mm, 1.39 g, 5h, Antioch mint c. CE 383

RIC Antioch 56a1

RCV 20146

O: DN GRATIA—NVS PF AVG, diad, draped bust right.

R: VOT/X/MVLT/XX in four lines within wreath  mint mark ANT in ex followed by illegible officina mark.


Ex: London Coin Galleries, (CA) at ANA 1985

Ex: Warren Esty Collection, Esty Type 26