ITALY; Milan; Gian Galeazzo Visconti CE 1395-1402

AR Grosso (Pegione) 24mm, 2.14 g, 11h,  Milano

Biaggi 1475

O: St Ambrose std facing holding crozier and whip;  S ABROSIV MEDIOLAN

R: coiled serpent flanked by G-Z all within a quadrilobed; GALEAZ VICECOES D MEDIOLANI 3G

              Gian Galeazzo Visconti (1351-1402) 

                              painting attributed to Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis (c1455-after1508)



CRUSADER STATES; Antioch; Bohemund III CE 1163-1201

 AR Denier, 17 mm, 1.00 g, 6h, Antioch mint. 

CCS 65

cf. D. Metcalf "THE MAĞARACIK HOARD OF "HELMET" COINS OF BOHEMUND III OF ANTIOCH" Museum Notes (American Numismatic Society), Vol. 16 (1970), pp. 95-109, cf. plate 24 #10 (reverse inscription).

O: helmeted hd l in chain mail, crescent to left, start to right. +BOAMVNDVS

R: cross, crescent in second quarter +AMTIOCHIA

ROMAN ARABIA; Bostra; Trajan CE 98-117


AR Drachm, 19-17 mm, 3.61 g, 6h, minted c. CE 112-117

SNG ANS 1153-5

O: laur, draped bust r., AYTOKPKAICNEPTPA[------]

R: Arabia standing left with camel adjacent to her right leg, ΔHMAPX [----------]


Ex: W. Esty


ROMAN EGYPT; Hadrian CE 117-138

AE Drachm; 34 mm, 11h, 27.04 g, Alexandria mint RY 18=CE 133/4

Dattari 1662


Milne 1419

RPC 5881 (41 specimens)

Cologne 1108

Obv: AVT KAIC T[P]AIAN - AΔ[PIANO]C CEB Laureate, draped, cuirassed bust r.

 Rx: L IH, Two Canopi of Osiris, one facing r. wearing Atef crown, one facing l. wearing crown of horns, uraei, disk and plumes.

EX: CNG XXXIII, lot 1359 (15 March 1995)

EX:  HJB BBS 216, lot 578 (28 May 2021) Inv#: cc97177

1995 CNG photo and lot description from XXXIII

Caesarea, Israel photo of a seated headless porphyry statue said to be of Hadrian.  porphyry having been imported from Egypt.

Inscription stone found in the aqueduct at Caesarea, Israel with an inscription dedicated to Hadrian and a detachment from Legion X Fretensis who executed repairs to the earlier Herodian period aqueduct at around the time of the Bar Kokhba Revolt, during which the above coin was minted.  This aqueduct carried water to Caesarea from the springs of the lower Carmel some 16 km away from Caesarea. 


ROMAN; Severus Alexander CE 222-235

AE Sestertius, 29-30 mm, 21.44 g, 12h, Rome mint, CE 231

RCV 7999

RIC 513

O: laur. draped bust r, IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG

R: Sol stg left  right hand raised whip in left, PM TRP X COS III PP/SC

EX: W. Esty


ROMAN; Gratian CE 367-383

AE half centenionalis; 14 mm, 1.39 g, 5h, Antioch mint c. CE 383

RIC Antioch 56a1

RCV 20146

O: DN GRATIA—NVS PF AVG, diad, draped bust right.

R: VOT/X/MVLT/XX in four lines within wreath  mint mark ANT in ex followed by illegible officina mark.


Ex: London Coin Galleries, (CA) at ANA 1985

Ex: Warren Esty Collection, Esty Type 26


ROMAN; Gratian CE 367-383

AE half centenionalis; 14 mm, 1.87 g, 12h, Lugdunum mint c. CE 381-383

RIC Lugdunum 30a

RCV 20149

O: DN GRATIA—NVS PF AVG, diad, draped bust right.

R: VOT/XV/MVLT/XX in four lines within wreath  mint mark LVGP in ex  


Ex: PMV 16 May 1984, lot 254 $15 (Daytona Beach, FL)

Ex: Warren Esty Collection, Esty Type 25


ISLAMIC/Ayyubid; Principality of the Jazirah; Mayafariqin, Sinjar & Harran; Al-Ashraf Musa AH 607-617/ CE 1210-1220

AE Dirham; 12.91 g, 28 mm, 9h, Mayafariqin mint AH 612/CE 1215

Album 859.1

Balog 852

O: Turbaned prince seated facing, rt leg drawn up, orb in right hand with left hand on hip.

Inner inscription to left and right of head سنة ثنا عشر / و ستمائة

Margin inscription: الملك الاشراف مظفرالدين ابو الفتح موسى ضرب بما


R: Triangular shield with convex side-centres, composed of a plain line in a line of dots, the shield touching the border.  Marginal legend in the segments between border and shield.

Inscription in the shield: منين / الامام الناصر / لدين الله / امير المؤ

Margin inscriptions: Right ابو بكر بن ايوب

                                     Top الملك العاد

                                   Left    ل سيف الدين




ISLAMIC; Two Artuqid Figurative Bronzes of the 12th century CE

Najm ad-Din Alpi CE 1152-1176/AH 547-572 

AE Dirham; 14.01 g, 30 mm.  c. CE 1160-1170, Mardin mint

SS 30.2

Album 1827.5

O: Two diademed facing male heads, turned slightly away

لا اله الا الله

محمد رسول الله

المستنجد بالله

امير الؤمنين

R: Youthful female head facing within a beaded circle

  نجم الدين

مللك ديابكر

البي بن ايل غازي

ابن ارتق


Qutb ad-Din Il Ghazi II CE 1176-1184/AH 572-580

AE Dirham; 9.66g, 29 mm, Mardin mint

SS 31.1

Album  1828.1

O: Diademed head right within square of pellets

ايل غازي

ابن البي بن

تمرتاش بن

بن ارتق

R: legend within square

ايل غازي

مولانا الملك العالم

العادل قطب الدين

ملك الاقرا شاه


Likely exemplar for the Artuqid design from eight centuries earlier


ISLAMIC/Palembang; Muhammad Bahudin CE 1776-1804

Tin Piti, 15 mm, 0.44 g, Palembang, AH 1193/CE 1779

Robinson 5.15 (R9)

O: Portion of legend are retrograde such as the ط in As-Sultan. The transliteration of the Arabic inscription is As-Sultan/fi balad Palembang/Sanah 1193, though the 1193 is also retrograde having been written as what appears to be "3P11".

R: is blank as is normally encountered in this pieces. 

Photograph from Robinson's "Palembang Coins" (2015)


ISLAMIC/Palembang; Mahmud Badruddin II CE 1804-1821

Tin Piti, 17.5 mm 1.01 g, Palembang mint AH 1219/CE 1804

Robinson 10.2 (R6)

O: ١٢١٩ مصروف في بلد فلمبنغ 

R: blank


ISLAMIC/Umayyad; Arab-Byzantine Syria, c. CE 670-690

 AE Fals, 20 mm, 3.89g, Homs (Emesa) mint

Album 3516 var. 

O: Standing imperial figure holding long cross and globus cruciger, 'bismillah' in Arabic on left, KALON on right.

R: M surmounted by cross with delta below, and Arabic "Tayyib" in ex. on left of M, EMI on right CIC


ISLAMIC/Mughal India; Akbar CE 1556-1605


AR Rupee 26 mm, 11.35 g, Ahmedabad (Gujarat) mint AH 983 or 

CE 1575-1576

Mitchener 3033

K 80.2

O: Shahada in center square. Areas outside square not fully legible.

R: جلال الدين محمد اكبر بادشاه غازي in center square, areas outside square

 not fully legible.


Ex: W. Esty

Ex: James B. Lovette Collection 2007

Coins Weekly article about Akbar 

Coins Weekly article about Akbar part 2

ISLAMIC; Umayyad; Jund Filastin c. CE 717-737


Album 185

AE Fals, 15 mm, 2.71 g, ar-Ramla mint

O: tree in center, around shahada

R: denomination and mint around center crescent.


Ex: W. Esty, purchased in Jerusalem in 1972

13th Century Minaret ("White Tower or Tower of the Forty Martyrs") 
of the Masjid al-Abyad in Ramla, taken in 1995. It is said that Napoleon observed the Siege of Jaffa from atop this vantage point in 1799, since it stands six stories it is possible that there was a clear and unobstructed view of Jaffa which is about 20 km to the northwest from Ramla.

ISLAMIC/Umayyad; Arab-Byzantine Syria, c. CE 670-690


AE Fals; 21 mm, 3.67 g, Hims (Emesa) mint.

Album 3524

Wilkes 133

O: facing bust. To right بحمص to left KAΛON

R: Cursive M dividing EMI on left and CHC on right and طيب in exergue.


FRANCE; Bourbon; Louis XIV CE 1643-1715

AR half-Ecu (10 sols), 20 mm, 2.21 g, 6h, Lyon mint 1661-D

KM 199.3

O: LVD XIIII DG--FR ET NAV REX, laur., draped bust right.

R: SIT NOMEN DOMINI--BENEDICTVM 1661 D, coat of arms crowned


ROMAN/Philip I CE 244-249


AE Sestertius, 29mm, 22.09 grams, Roma CE 244-245

RIC 184a

RSC 9002

Obverse: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped and 

cuirassed bust of Philip right.

Reverse: PAX AETERNA S C, Pax standing left holding olive 

branch and scepter.


Ex "Summer Haven Collection of Sestertii"

Ex: CNG 462 Lot 477 (26-02-2020)

Ex: Dorney Auction 10 (08 July 2020)

Ex: Dorney Auction 11 (30 Nov 2020)

Ex: Ken Dorney

This altar was erected by the citizens of Girona, Spain in honor of Philip (jr). The altar was preserved due to its reuse as the foot of the high altar in Sant Marti Sacosta.

The inscription reads:

When translated should read: "To M. Julius Philippus, most noble Caesar, the people of Girona (Gerunda)"