20190906

GREEK/CAPPADOCIA; Ariarathes IV Eusebes BCE 220-163



AR Drachm 4.03 g, 20 mm, 1h,   RY 33=BCE 188/7

Simonetta 15

BMC 32,10


O: diad bust of Ariarathes IV r.

R: Athena stg l. holding Nike, BAΣIΛEΩΣ/APIAPAϴOY/EYΣEBOYΣ, H in far left field Δ in far right, monogram inner left beneath Nike. ГΛ in ex.

Simonetta writes on pp. 21-22 that the coins of Ariarathes IV "...issued in the 33rd year are most numerous. To account for the fact of so many drachms having been issued in the 33rd year of his reign, Reinach pointed out that in 188 BC Ariarathes was compelled to hand over to the Romans a very large amount of money, as punishment for the help he had given Antiochus. Cn. Manlius Vulso had, in fact, imposed upon him a tribute of 600 talents (1 talent=6,000 drachms) that came, eventually , to be halved through the intercession of his son-in-law Eumenes, king of Pergamum, an ally of the Romans."

In a note Simonetta continues "It might be thought that this enormous sum (for the times and for a small kingdom) of 1,800,000 drachms (600 talents x 6,000=3,600,000, reduced by half after the intercession of the King of Pergamum) could not have been paid over in coined money, but in bullion; however we are lend to believe that the greater part was handed over in coin, because of the very large number of drachms still extant: it suffices to recall that 31 varieties of the drachms of year 33 have been recorded here, and amongst this great diversity at least 77 obverse dies are known (Mørkholm, NC 1969, 26). If we reckon that each obverse die could have struck 10,000 specimens (Sellwood, NC 1963, 229), then, according to our present knowledge, at least 770,000 drachms came from the mint in this year. It is obvious, too, that many dies are not represented on the extant specimens, hence the number of drachms struck must be an even higher figure. There was also a clear advantage to Ariarathes in adopting this method of payment; these drachms are very often a little less in weight than they should be. Multiplying this small difference in weight by hundreds of thousands of examples, the saving becomes considerable."
 

20190821

ROMAN/ Maximianus CE 286-310


AE Follis, 27 mm, 9.78 g, London mint c. CE 303-305

RCV 13237


O: laur cuir bust r, IMP C MAXIMIANVS PF AVG


R: Genius stg l, holding patera and cornucopia, GENIO

POPV-LI ROMANI

EX: Triskeles Auctions 23 (6 April 2018) lot 590

ROMAN/ Maxentius CE 306-312




AE Follis, 24x26mm,   5.9 g, Ostia mint, CE 309-312
RIC VI Ostia, 35
 
O: IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG; laureate head right.
 
R: AETERNITAS AVG N; Castor and Pollux standing facing each other, each leaning on sceptre with outer left arm and holding bridled horse. in ex. MOSTS
 
 
 

 


 



 





 
 


20190727

BYZANTINE; Justinian CE 527-565



AV Solidus, 4.46 g, 21mm, 6h Constantinople mint c. CE 537-542

SB 139

 O: facing portrait in military garb, DN IVSTINI-ANVS PP AVC

R: Victory holding cross in r and globus cruciger in l hand, star in lower right field. VICTORI-A AVCCC Г/CONOB in ex.

Ex: Heritage Auction 378 (2-3 June 2005) lot 12107
Ex: Dr. Kurt Peters Collection

20190718

ENGLAND; Tudor; Henry VIII CE 1509-1547


AR Half Groat, 19 mm, 1.24 g, York Mint CE 1531-1544 under Archbishop Edward Lee mm Key
 
North 1807
 
SCBC 2348
 
O: HENRIC VIII D G R AGL Z FR mm Key, crowned bust r.

R: CIVITAS EBORACI around, EL on either side of shield.

20190707

BYZANTINE; Alexius III Angelus-Comnenus CE 1195-1203


Billon Aspron Trachy, 26 mm, 2.53 g, 6h, Constantinople mint

SB 2012

O: bust of Jesus facing beardless wearing nimbus, raising r. hand in benediction in l. scroll. IC on left XC on r. +KE ROHϴEI around the outside.

R: [----], Alexius on l, Constantine bearded and nimbate on r both stg facing.

20190629

BYZANTINE; Constans II CE 641-668


AE Follis, 19 x 28 mm, 5.01 g, 7h, Regnal year 1= CE 641/2

SB 1001

O: Constans beardless stg facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding long cross and globus cruciger

εN TɣTO NIKA

R:  M is between O/Φ/A on l and N/ε/O/ς, above ANA in ex officina letter followed by regnal year numeral  ε I.

BYZANTINE; Justin II & Sophia CE 565-578


AE half Follis, 19 mm, 5.53 g, 5h, Thessalonika mint, Yr 4=CE 568-569

SB 366

O: DN IVSTI-NVS PP AV Justin and Sophia seated in thrones facing.

R: large K with cross above, ANNO to left, Delta to right and TES below.

BYZANTINE; Two Folles of Constantine X Ducas CE 1059-1067


AE Follis; 30 mm, 11.4 g, 6h, overstruck on SB 1823, Class B anonymous of Romanus III CE 1028-1034.

SB 1853

O: Jesus stg facing inscription obscured.

R: Eudocia on l and Constantine X on the r. inscription also obscured.



AE Follis; 30 mm, 7.21 g, 6h, overstruck on SB 1836, Class D anonymous of Constantine X CE 1042-1055.

SB 1853

O: Jesus stg facing inscription obscured.

R: Eudocia on l and Constantine X on the r. inscription also obscured.

BYZANTINE; Justin I CE 518-527


AE Follis, 31mm, 14.32 g, 6h, Constantinople mint 3rd officina

SB 62

O: diad bust r, DN IVSTI-NVS PP AVC

R: large M, cross above stars to right and left and officina below/CON in ex.

20190623

ISLAMIC/Arab-Byzantine "Pseudo-Byzantine" in style of Constans II c. CE 670-690


AE Fals, 21 mm 2.3 g,  minted in undetermined locales of Syria and Palestine prior to 'Abdalmalik's reforms of the late 690's.

Album 3504 of type similar to  SB 1007

what inscriptions appear, appear to be blundered and are only representative of the typology of the original coin.

ISLAMIC/Arab-Byzantine "Pseudo-Byzantine" in style of Constans II c. CE 670-690


AE Fals 21 x 18 mm, 3.64 g, minted in undetermined locales of Syria and Palestine prior to 'Abdalmalik's reforms of the late 690's.

Album 3504 of type similar to  SB 1007

what inscriptions appear, appear to be blundered and are only representative of the typology of the original coin.

20190615

BYZANTINE; Anonymous Bronze Coinage Class K, attributed to Alexius I Comnenus CE 1081-1118


AE Follis, 26 mm, 4.57 g, 6h

SB 1901

O: JC

R: Mary facing

no visible inscriptions likely overstruck on Class J SB 1900 which were sometimes overstruck on folles of Nicephorus III of the type of SB 1888 which were themselves overstruck on Class H and so on.

BYZANTINE; Anonymous Bronze Coinage; Class I attributed to Nicephorus III Botaniates CE 1078-1081


AE Follis, 22mm, 3.83g, 6h

SB 1889

O: facing bust of JC, IC to left XC to right

R: latin cross with X at center

BYZANTINE; Anonymous Bronze Coinage Class H attributed to Michael VII Ducas CE 1071-1078


AE Follis 26 mm, 7.04 g, 6h

SB 1880

O: facing bust of JC, IC on left XC on right

R: patriarchal cross

BYZANTINE; Anonymous Bronze Coinage; Class C attributed to Michael IV CE 1034-1041


AE Follis 25 mm, 6.78 g 5h

SB 1825

O: +EMMANOVHΛ, half length fig of JC stg facing wearing nimbus in field to left IC to right XC

R: jeweled cross with pellet in each extremity in the angles IC-XC/NI-KA

20190614

BYZANTINE; Constans II CE 641-668



AE Follis, 21 mm, 4.61 g, 1h, Constantinople mint, Yr. 2=CE 642-643

SB 1001

O: Constans beardless stg facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding long cross and globus cruciger

εN TɣTO NIKA

R:  XP above M, M is between O/Φ/A on l and N/ε/O/ς, above ANA in ex officina letter followed by regnal year numerals which are not visible but appear to be II per noted combinations.

BYZANTINE; Justin II & Sophia CE 565-578



AE Follis, 33 mm, 15.17 g, 7h, Constantinople mint, Yr. 7=CE 571-572

SB 360 v

O: Justin and Sophia enthroned facing DNVSTI[----].

R: large M with Δ underneath ANNO on l, V/II on r, CON in ex.