20160820

GREECE/Egypt; Ptolemaic; Kleopatra VII Thea Neotera BCE 51-30


AR Tetradrachm; 24 mm, 13.59 g, 12h. Alexandria mint, RY 14/BCE 39-38

Svoronos 1828 (Ptolemy XIII)

SNG Copenhagen 408

Noeske 370-1

DCA 70

O: diad. Hd of Ptolemy I r, wearing aegis around neck

R: Eagle with closed wings stg l on thunderbolt, palm frond over shoulder, LIΔ over headdress of Isis to left, ΠA to right. Around ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛΕΩΣ.

 

Ex CNG

20160813

Roman Republic, c. BCE 210

Anonymous, c. BCE 210, AE Sextans; 20mm, 3.16 g, 4h, Sardinia mint.

CR 64/6a
RCV 1226

O: hd of Mercury r wearing winged petasos, two dots above
R: Prow of galley right, ROMA above, MA monogram to right, two dots below.

Possibly overstruck on a Carthaginian bronze.



Ex: CNG 376 lot 764 or 765 (06-15-2016)
Ex: RBW Collection
Ex: UBS 59 portion lot 6125 (01-29-2004)            

20160730

Greece/Seleucid; Demetrius II Nikator (first reign) BCE 146-138


AR Drachm 3.78 g, 16-17 mm, 12h, Probably minted at Seleucia in Pieria

SC 1927.1

HGC 982 (R2)

O: diad hd of Demetrios r, diadem ends falling straight behind, dotted border

R: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔHMHTPIOY in two lines on right, NIKATOPOΣ on left, anchor flukes upward.

Control inner left Flower (rose or lily?)

 

Ex: WKR Collection

20160723

ROMAN/ Geta, as Caesar CE 198-209


AR Denarius, 17 x 19 mm, 2.33 g, 12h, Rome mint c. CE 203-208

RIC Geta 47 (R)
BMC p. 245 note 454 ("The denarius quoted by C.86 is very doubtful")
RSC 86

On 9 Oct. 1991 Curtis Clay (who is revising RIC for Septimius Severus and family) wrote to the prior owner stating that this example was only the second known example. The G. R. Arnold collection did not have one. (CNG sold an example in 2013 for $2,200).

O: P SEPTIMIVS GETA CAES, bare headed draped bust right

R; MINERVAE VICTRICI,  Minerva, helmeted, draped, advancing left, brandishing javelin in right hand and holding shield in left hand; at her feet, snake preceding her.

Ex: WE Collection
Ex: ANA Chicago 1991, London Coin Galleries (CA)

20160703

ROMAN/Titus CE 79-81


AR Denarius, 3.26 g, 19 mm, 6h., Roma mint, c. September to December CE 79
RSC 287a (R with left facing portrait)

O: laur bust left, IMP TITVS CAES VESPASIAN AVG PM
R: Ceres seated left holding wheat ear and poppy in rt hand, lighted torch in left, TRP VIIII IMP XV COS VII PP
 

20160702

ROMAN/Two Lugdunum (Lyon) Emissions of Probus CE 276-282

 
AE Antoninianus, 3.42 g, 21 mm, 12h, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, c. CE 277 3rd emission

RIC 37 bust 

RCV 11992

O: IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate cuirassed bust right

R: MARS VICTOR/III, Mars advancing right, carrying trophy and spear

 
AE Antoninianus, 3.74 g, 22 mm, 6h, Lugdunum (Lyon) mint, c. CE 278-279

RIC 84 variety

RCV 11992

O: IMP C PROBVS·P·F·AVG, s/a/a

R: MARS VICTOR/III, s/a/a

20160701

IRAN/Sasanian; Examples from a Hoard from the time of Yazdgard III in Kirman c. CE 642-645/6

The hoard has invariably been referred to as the "Silk Road Hoard" or the "Tokharistan Hoard" but was described in great detail in an article entitled "A Hoard from the time of Yazdgard III in Kirman" by Heidemann, Riederer & Weber ( Iran 52 (2014): 79-124). 

As these examples are studied further I will be updating their respective information. These are both drachms minted posthumously in the name of Khusro II (CE 590-628) and are thought to have been minted at a centralized mint of Yazdgard III sometime after the Battle of Qadisiyya and possibly just before the Battle of Nihavand during the early days of the Muslim conquest of the Sasanian Empire.

AR Drachm, 32 mm, 3.92 g, 9h, ShY (Shiz) mint, Yr. 37
Heidemann etal, Die 33 late=ShY 37A=0483, 26 examples noted.

AR Drachm, 32 mm, 4.1 g, 3h, ART (Ardashir Khurrah aka Jur or Gor mint), yr. 37
Heidemann etal, Die 15 = ART 37A=0082, 23 examples noted.

GREECE/Sicily; Himera c. BCE 415-409


AE Hemilitron; 15 mm, 2.76 g., 11h.

Kraay, Bronze, group b, 3
CNS 35
HGC 2, 479

O: Hd of nymph left six pellets before.
R: six pellets (Mark of Value) within wreath

20160624

ISLAMIC/’Abbasid; Harun ar-Rashid هَارُون الرَشِيد‎‎ AH 170-193/CE 786-809


AR Dirham, 2.93 g, 23 mm, ---h, ar-Rafiqah الرفقة mint (Syria) AH 188/CE 804-805

Album 219.2 (S)

Ar-Rafiqah was Harun ar-Rashid’s capital during his reign. It is now known as the town of Raqqah in Syria which in turn is the “capital” of Da’esh داعيش aka ISIS.

O: بسم الله ضرب هذا الدرهم بالرفقة سنة ثمان و ثمنين و مية

R: anonymous reverse with just محمد رسول الله in three lines in the center field above the dot.

THESE HANDS ARE NOT CLAPPING


20160608

ROMAN PROVINCIAL; Syria; Philip I CE 24-248



Bi Tetradrachm; 25 mm, 9.55 g, 6 h, Antioch, CE 248-249

McAlee 947
Prieur 449

O: radiate draped and cuirassed bust r., AYTOK K M IOYΛI ΦIΛIΠΠOC CϵB
R: eagle stg r holding wreath in beak, ΔHMAPX ϵΞ OYCIAC YΠATO Δ in ex.
ANTIOXIA/SC

Ex: Dionysus/Germany
Ex: Warren Esty Collection




Apparently scarce variety counted 12 examples on two sites of which this is one. 

20160604

GREECE/Seleucid; Seleucus I Nicator BCE 312-281

AR Drachm, 4.01g, 16 mm, 6 h, Seleucia on Tigris II mint, from c. 296/5 BCE

SC 131.5a

ESM 77


O: Laureate head of Zeus right
R: Athena brandishing a shield and spear in a elephant quadriga right, anchor and monograms above  A/T  behind Athena and Θ above the elephants. Dotted border.  BAΣIΛEΩΣ on l., and ΣEΛEYKOY in ex.  

GREECE/Seleucid; Antiochus IX Philopator BCE 114-95

AE 18-20 mm, 5.34 g,  11 h, minted probably in Phoenicia, c. BCE 112-101

SC 2388.8 type

SNG Spaer 2743

O: Bust of winged Eros r. dotted border
R: [B]AΣΙΛΕΩ[Σ] ANTIOXOY in two lines on r., ΦΙΛΟΠATOP[OΣ] on l., Nike adv l., holding wreath.

Ex: WKR Collection



cf. please refer to very interesting information pertaining to this type in SC II vol I pp. 542-544.

20160603

HAWAI'I/Kalakaua I 1874-1891

AR 25 c (6.21 g) KM #5 (mintage: 500,000 but 242,600 remain after redemption and melting) 

O: KALAKAUA I KING OF HAWAII/1883, hd r.

R: UA MAU KE EA O KA AINA I KA PONO/1/4/ D./HAPAHA, crown above COA dividing ¼ and D.

Note: (from Wikipedia) "Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono is a well-known Hawaiian phrase which was adopted as the motto of the state of Hawaii. It is commonly translated as "The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness".


The motto is also utilized by the Hawaiian sovereignty movement having been the motto of the Kingdom of Hawaii before it's overthrow by American business interests in 1893. The motto appears to be the one constant connecting Hawaii past and present.

Iolani Palace, Honolulu constructed during the reign of Kalakaua and the only royal palace on US soil

20160525

Greece/Seleucid; Demetrius I BCE 162-150

AE 17 mm, 4.86 g, 12 h, Seleucia on the Tigris mint, minted early in reign after BCE 161

SC 1691
HGC 839 (R2)

O: jugate busts of Demetrius I, diademed, and Laodike V, veiled and wearing stephane

R: [BAΣIΛEΩΣ/ΔHMHTPIOY] Nike stg. L., holding wreath and palm. No symbols or monograms


Bevelled edge on obs with casting spurs. 

20160421

IRAN/Arsacid; Parthia: Vologases III CE 105-147


AR Drachm, 3.65 g, 20 mm, 12h,  Ecbatana mint. 

Sellwood 78.5

Obv/ bare-headed bust left with long, pointed beard wearing diadem with loop at the top and three ends; earring visible; border of dots.

Rev/ archer seated right on throne holding bow; archer's seat represented as horizontal line; blundered Greek legend; monogram for Ecbatana below bow

IRAN/Arsacid; Parthia: Orodes II BCE 57-38


AR Drachm, 3.73g,  21mm, 12h, Ecbatana mint

Sellwood 48.8


Obv: bust left with pointed beard wearing diadem and griffin-ended torque; star before, crescent above star behind; wart visible on forehead; circular border of pellets

Rev: beardless archer wearing bashlyk and cloak seated right on throne, holding bow in right hand; behind archer, anchor; below bow, monogram for Ecbatana; no border; seven-line Greek inscription = 
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΝ ΑΡΣΑΚΟΥ ΕΥΕΡΓΕΤΟΥ ΔΙΚΑΙΟΥ ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ ΦΙΛΕΛΛΗΝΟΣ

20160419

A leaden aside....

Lead has been utilized for a variety of purposes throughout history; coins being an example of the more sedate usages.

Mainly, Lead has been used in human warfare as well as in everyday products in the recent past that have contributed to needlessly killing and poisoning many generations of humanity.

The examples provided below, span two millenia and are objects utilized in different kinds of warfare, the first from a battle in Spain c. BCE 45 and the second from the American Civil War 1861-1865.

Roman Glans, c. BCE 45, likely from the Battle of Munda

39 x 15 mm, 37.85 g (views of all sides)




American Civil War 1861-1865, dropped 58 caliber Minie ball likely Confederate manufacture (Georgia?), conical cavity. 22mm long, 12 mm wide, 6 mm deep cavity and 26.43 g., MM 380 type, TT 165v, weapon rifle musket. paper cartridge, muzzle load, percussion cap ignition.

before use:

after use:


previous flipped over. 26.27 g